In Estonia, as an utility model (small invention), the same inventions can be protected as by a patent, except biotechnology inventions.

Filing Requirements

  • Specification and claims in Estonian, drawings, abstract in Estonian and in English, information about the inventor and applicant
  • If the application materials were not filed in Estonian, the Estonian translation must be filed within 2 months
  • Priority document within 4 months from the filing date in Estonia

Representation before the Estonian Patent Office
A person with no residence, seat or commercial or industrial enterprise operating in Estonia must authorize a patent attorney as a representative before the Estonian Patent Office.

Examination, grant, renewal 
  • Estonian utility model will not be examined to see whether it is novel or inventive. Only formal examination will be carried out. 
  • The Estonian Patent Office will conduct a prior art search and publish the search report in the database of utility models simultaneously with the utility model registration. 
  • It is possible to postpone registration of utility model and publication of search report up to 18 months as of the priority date.
  • Utility model protection lasts for the maximum of 10 years, renewals before 4+4+2  years